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International & Immigration

As the trend toward a global economy continues unabated, so does the need for law firms that can help companies and individuals capitalize on the opportunities while avoiding the pitfalls of international business. Our services in this area include:


  • H-1B nonimmigrant employment visas
  • Employment-based immigration visas
  • North American free trade-based visas (NAFTA)
  • E-1 & E-2 treaty trader/treaty investor visas
  • U.S. customs and entry-related matters
  • Family-based preference and priority-based visas
  • EB-5 investor visas
  • L-1A & L-1B multinational visas

Employment Immigration

  • DOL wage and hour division violation hearings
  • IRCA immigration-related unfair employment practices
  • Employer sanctions and document fraud violations

Trade and Commerce

  • Sales agent and distributorship agreements
  • Import/export controls
  • Anti-dumping matters
  • Free trade zones

General Corporate

  • Structuring relationships/partnerships and joint ventures
  • Facilitating U.S.-based companies in foreign markets, including:
    • Canada
    • China
    • Europe
    • Hong Kong
    • Scandinavia
    • Southern Africa
    • Taiwan
    • Zimbabwe
  • Facilitating foreign-based companies in U.S. markets
  • Formation of American subsidiaries for foreign-based companies
  • Development of foreign sales corporations
  • International mortgage transaction


  • Preparation/review of import/export paperwork
  • Appeal of alleged U.S. Customs laws violations

International Dispute Resolution



Ian S. Ludd Joins Mackenzie Hughes LLP Business Department

SYRACUSE, N.Y. – Ian Ludd has recently joined the business department of Mackenzie Hughes LLP after graduating cum laude with both a Juris Doctor degree from the Syracuse University College of Law and a Master of Public Administration degree from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. During Law School Ian was a member…

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OPT/CPT Training for Foreign Nationals

Foreign nationals enrolled in F-1 student status have the option of working in the United States by engaging in practical training during their academic program, or upon completing their program.  Practical training can provide valuable work experience by sharpening and adding to the skill set students acquire while enrolled in school.  There are two types…

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Business Update: A Seminar for Clients and Friends of the Firm

Mackenzie Hughes attorneys strongly believe in keeping their clients informed on the latest developments in law and business.

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US Department of Homeland Security Provides Work Authorization for Certain H-4 Spouses

U.S. businesses use the H-1B program to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require a Bachelor’s or higher degree and theoretical or technical expertise in specialized fields such as science, engineering and computer programming. In addition to specialty occupation workers, the H-1B classification applies to individuals performing services related to a Department of Defense…

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